The intention-to-treat analysis

Randomization is the only scientific method that can balance the representation of known and unknown variables. Because the exclusion of non-compliant patients from the analysis is likely to influence the statistical power and the balance between the study groups, the intention-to-treat concept was introduced. Intention to treat analysis depends on the rule that “All randomized,… Continue reading The intention-to-treat analysis

Meta-analysis on MS Excel; Easy When You Know How!

This workshop is held for the first time in Egypt! # Workshop Content: (1)- Quick revision on Meta-analysis concept and approaches. (2)- How to make different meta-analysis models on Microsoft excel? (3)- DOI and Funnel plots for the assessment of publication bias. # The workshop is NOT for beginners; Attendants must have prior theoritical knowledge… Continue reading Meta-analysis on MS Excel; Easy When You Know How!

“Randomized Controlled Trial” is good but NOT gold-standard!

Randomized Controlled Trial (RCTs) is a good experimental design used to examine the effect of an intervention. This scientific design (Randomized controlled trial) was first described by Austin Bradford Hill in 1950s [1–3]. The introduction of RCTs in clinical research inspired governmental drug agencies to amend their conditions, requiring pharmaceuticals to provide results of well-designed… Continue reading “Randomized Controlled Trial” is good but NOT gold-standard!

How can culture influence Health?

Culture is the core, dynamic, adaptive life system of beliefs, behaviors, and attitudes that distinguish a specific population (Kagawa-Singer 2011). Recently, understanding cultures of the target population has become an important consideration to close the gaps between populations and eliminate health disparities (Thomas et al. 2004). Population beliefs and habits in diet, exercise, marriage, and… Continue reading How can culture influence Health?